Vacuum Excavation: Best Practices for Top Productivity There are many methods of excavation that are employed in digging. Some are older methods that are more traditional in nature while others are more modern. These new methods used by drilling companies have made digging easier, faster and safer. Vacuum excavation is an appropriate example which uses water or air in the digging process. The following tips and practices are helpful in ensuring successful excavation. Some soils are usually hard-packed and heavy, and in such cases, air cannot be used efficiently in vacuuming. In situations like that, the use of water, or hydro excavation is the best alternative. On the other hand, where the soil is loose, sandy and with a lot of gravel, dry or air excavation is recommended. Hydro excavation uses water pressure that damages old pipes and electric wires that are brittle, thus dry excavation is deemed as the safer choice. With regard to the size of the vacuuming pumps to be used, it is important to take into account the sizes of the trucks to be used in the excavation. If the required vacuum power is to be sufficient enough, then the size of the air or water tank must match the size of the pump used. If the intended outcome is massive vacuum power, then it is required that the tanks for holding air or water, and the pump be big enough. Tanks larger than the normal ones used are going to be needed if both wet and dry methods of excavation are to be applied. However much vacuuming, whether dry or wet, is considered to be safe than old fashioned digging methods, safety issues must be addressed. Proper training on how to handle and operate machines safely should be introduced. Some modern machines cannot be put to work without the necessary specialized training of the potential users. Professional training of the workers who are going to work the machines should take place. Workers should be knowledgeable on how to avoid damaging underground utility pipes and power lines. Workers should be given appropriate gear and attire. These include hand gloves and dielectric boots. Precision is gotten from using the vacuuming method to dig. Unfortunately, sometimes thing can go wrong during the exercise. This can be caused by mistakenly digging in the wrong site due to wrong identification process or human error. Mistakes of this kind may lead to explosions from gas leaks and electrocutions. By reaching out to the concerned authorities, it will help in ensuring you are digging at the correct site and you will also be given maps. The vacuum trucks and the pumps that the drilling company uses to dig should be well maintained. This will ensure that the machines will perform at expected standards. Considering that tear and wear is normal, the machines should occasionally be checked. Regularly lubricate the machines, placing emphasis on the moving parts. Parts like nozzles and hoses need regular examination. Following these best practices will help ensure efficient vacuum excavation.